Barrett's Esophagus

Glossary of Terms

T - Z

Thoracic Surgeon
Surgeon specializing in diseases of the thorax (the chest). These include diseases of the lungs, heart, the tissues around the heart, and the esophagus.
Thoracotomy
A surgical incision of the chest.
Thorax
The chest; the contents of the body above the diaphragm (a muscle flap above the abdomen). The thorax contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and a variety of associated tissues.
Thrombophlebitis
An inflammation of the veins accompanied by thrombus formation. It is sometimes referred to as Trousseau's sign.
Thrombus
A clot within the cardiovascular system. It may occlude (block) the vessel or may be attached to the wall of the vessel without blocking the blood flow.
Tumor
This term simply refers to a mass or neoplasm. For example, a collection of pus is a tumor. This is a general term that can refer to benign or malignant growths.
Ultrasound
A painless procedure in which high frequency sound waves are used to generate pictures of the inside of the body.
Unresectable
Unable to be surgically removed.
Vaccine therapy
This is a new type of treatment, largely still experimental. It is a medication made of killed or weakened cells, organisms or manufactured materials, which is used to boost the body's immune system. Ideally, this will allow the body to fight and kill the cancer cells more effectively. Vaccines include whole killed cancer cells or specific proteins from the cancer.