Bladder Cancer

Glossary of Terms

D - E

Diaphragm
A dome shaped muscle that separates the lungs and heart from the abdomen. This muscle assists in breathing.
Differentiate
To develop specialized form, character, or function differing from that of surrounding cytoplasm, cells, or tissue from the original type
Disseminated
Widely dispersed in a tissue, organ, or the entire body
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
The part of every cell that carries all genetic information.
Dysplasia
A precancerous condition in which cells which are very similar to cancer cells grow in an organ but have not yet acquired the ability to invade into tissue or metastasize (spread to areas distant from where they started). This is a stage which can be cured.
-ectomy
Surgical removal of a structure or part of a structure. For example, cystectomy is the surgical removal of the bladder
Endoscopy
A procedure whereby a flexible fiber-optic tube is inserted into the esophagus, stomach or small intestine through the mouth (upper endoscopy) or into the large intestine through the anus (lower endoscopy) to look for abnormalities.
Exophytic
growing outward; spreading externally or on the surface epithelium of where the growth originated